Prickly stars on the towers

polyhedron on tower

Imagine a historic building, an architectural ensemble that is decorated with stellaled polyhedra. And not just a building, but a whole palace! Is it possible?

Yes! In the very center of Moscow, a beautiful monument of architecture has been preserved - the Petrovsky Travel Palace, which, by the way, in 2014 turned 230 years old.

Polyhedra Petrovsky Travel Palace               Polyhedra Petrovsky Travel Palace

Petrovsky Palace Palace was built by architect Matthew Kazakov on the orders of Catherine II in honor of the victory of Russia over Turkey in the war of 1768-1774.
Externally, the building looks a bit unusual, as it combines several architectural styles at once. So, lancet arches and windows are made in the Gothic style, and barrel-shaped columns are witnesses of the Old Russian style. The palace itself is a three-story structure, topped with a dome. Adjacent to it one-storey outbuildings form the front yard.
As a track, the palace was used by the kings after a long journey from St. Petersburg to Moscow. Despite the fact that the center of power was concentrated in St. Petersburg, the royal personages were married to the kingdom in Moscow in the Assumption Cathedral. After a two-week shaking in a carriage, the royal persons rested for 2-3 days in the Petrovsky Palace before the start of the solemn ceremony. But what seemed very unusual to us was the decoration of the towers.

polyhedron on tower
 
The Russian Gothic style used by the architect Matvey Kazakov should have combined both elements of Russian architecture and Gothic patterns.
 
polyhedron on tower
 
If you look at the form of "spiky stars", then you can see that they exactly correspond to one of the stellate forms of the icosahedron (the 9th stellate form). But the reasons for which the towers are crowned with star polyhedra are not known to us.
According to one version, they are obliged by their appearance to the presence of Gothic elements, and it was difficult to inscribe something other than sharp stars in the palace ensemble.
According to another version, according to supporters of masons - these are symbols of a secret society. However, this theory has not been confirmed. The history of the Palace dates back to 1785, when Catherine II visited him for the first time on her way from Novgorod to Moscow. After it, all Russian emperors stayed in the palace before entering Moscow solemnly.
In 1812, Napoleon spent several days here.
Since 1920 it housed the Air Force Engineering Academy Zhukovsky.
Since 2009, after the completion of the restoration work, the Petrovsky Palace of Traveling became known as the Moscow Government Reception House. Here are the official meetings, receptions of representatives of the diplomatic corps, all kinds of holiday celebrations. For Muscovites and guests of the capital city tour desk organizes special tours of the halls of the palace and the surrounding area.
 
 

(Mikhail Zhebrak. Moscow. Gothic. Film from the series "Walking in Moscow", series 32)

Globalization did not go well, and now there is a noisy metropolis around the palace. And we can look two hundred years ago and see how the palace looked then and how it appears before us now.

 
Polyhedra Petrovsky Travel Palace               Polyhedra Petrovsky Travel Palace

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