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The ancient Greeks gave the polyhedron a name according to the number of faces. “Dodeca” means twelve, “hedra” means a face (a dodecahedron is a solid with twelve faces).

Therefore, the question, “what is a dodecahedron?” can be given the following definition: “A dodecahedron is a geometric solid of twelve faces, each of which is a regular pentagon.”


The polyhedron belongs to regular polyhedra and is one of the five Platonic solids.
The dodecahedron has the following characteristics:

Face type - regular pentagon;
The number of sides at the verge is 5;
The total number of faces is 12;
The number of edges adjacent to the top is 3;
The total number of vertices is 20;
The total number of edges is 30.

The regular dodecahedron is composed of twelve regular pentagons. Each vertex of the dodecahedron is the vertex of three regular pentagons. Therefore, the sum of flat angles at each vertex is 324 °.
The dodecahedron has a symmetry center - the center of the dodecahedron, 15 axes of symmetry, and 15 planes of symmetry.

Mathematical characteristics of the dodecahedron

dodecahedron inscribed in a ballA dodecahedron can be placed in a sphere (inscribed) so that each of its vertices will touch the inner wall of the sphere.

The radius of the described sphere of the dodecahedron

The radius of the described sphere of the dodecahedron

where a is the side length.

the ball is inscribed in the dodecahedronThe sphere can be inscribed inside the dodecahedron.

The radius of the inscribed sphere of the dodecahedron


The radius of the inscribed sphere of the dodecahedron

The surface area of the dodecahedron

The surface area of the dodecahedronThe surface area of the dodecahedron.

The surface area of ​​a dodecahedron can be represented as a shape net area.
The dodecahedron surface area can be defined as the area of one of the dodecahedron's sides. This is the area of a regular pentagon, multiplied by 12. Or use the formula:formula the surface area of the dodecahedron

The volume of the dodecahedronThe following formula determines the volume of the dodecahedron:

formula The volume of the dodecahedron

Dodecahedron shape nets

You can make a dodecahedron yourself. Paper or cardboard is the most suitable option. You will need a paper net for assembly, a single sheet with lines for all the folds.


Choose a color for your polyhedron.

According to one of the versions of his treatise, the ancient Greek philosopher Plato did not ascribe the dodecahedron to any of the earth elements. Still, according to another version, he associated the dodecahedron with ether (emptiness). To build a model of this regular polyhedron, we chose yellow.

net of the dodecahedron

The figure shows the net of the dodecahedron:

Note that this is not the only option for a dodecahedron net.

To build a model, you can download a net in pdf format and print it on an A4 sheet:
- if you print on a color printer - color net.
- if you intend to use colored cardboard for the assembly - standard net.

Also, there are two classic versions of color for the polyhedron, when each of the adjacent faces is painted in its own color. The same colors do not border with each other.

We draw your attention to two options for painting the dodecahedron using six and four colors.


The first option is six colors: download net Dodekaehedron six colors Dodecahedron net six colors
The second option is four colors: download the netDodecahedron four colors Dodecahedron net four colors

The Dodecahedron from the "Magic Edges" set

You can make a model of a dodecahedron using the parts from the "Magic Edges" set.

Magic edges 12

Video. The build a polyhedron from the set:

Video. The rotation of the finished polyhedron:

Video. The rotation of all regular polyhedra


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