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The soccer ball is the main participant of the 2018 World Cup

World Cup 2018 soccer ball
It is round, but nobody canceled the shape net of parts for its assembly!
If you were interested in the history of the creation of a soccer ball, you probably already read an article in the 19th issue of Magic Edges. It was there that we revealed the secret of his connection with polyhedra!
If not, then here is an example. This interconnection chain, like the shape of the truncated tetrahedron polyhedron, served as a model for creating the Jabulani ball for the 2010 championship.
Jabulani shape net 
 
The newest ball for the World Cup in Russia is the development of the idea for the Brazuka ball. For the previous championship in 2014, the ball was prepared under the name Brazuka, he, like a cube, was composed of six smooth parts.
Today, the same 6 panels, but in a different form. Sweep has become a complex polygonal shape. The task was to create a sweep with a larger long seam. This allowed to increase the accuracy and controllability of the ball.
World Cup 2018 soccer ball shape net  World Cup 2018 soccer ball shape net  World Cup 2018 soccer ball shape net  World Cup 2018 soccer ball shape net
 
The ball was named Telstar 18. (Television star of the 18th year)
The name refers to the ball, which was first used at the 1970 World Cup in Mexico. At that time, the technology of connecting 32 black and white fragments was used for the first time. This made the ball recognizably spotty. But the last four world championships have changed the color of the ball beyond recognition.
adidas soccer ball story
 
And now Adidas, the constant producer of all balls for the championships, has decided that it will be pleasant to the viewer to see the classic combination of colors. Therefore, in spite of a completely different principle of combining parts-development in a single design, the ball again has 12 black elements in its color. When the ball moves and especially rotates, the black and white symmetrical combination continues to be not only fashionable, but also practical.
adidas soccer ball 2018 

You may be interested to know that experiments with the choice of the polyhedron underlying the ball led to the creation of the following forms:

Adidas offered the option of a ball from a combination of right and wrong 8 squares. Six regular octagons in conjunction with 12 irregular gave the following option:

soccer ball combination of correct and irregular octagon   soccer ball combination of correct and irregular octagon
 
Champions League Soccer Ball 2016
The official ball of the Champions League season 2016 is a polyhedron in the form of 12 pentagonal stars in combination with 20 hexagons.
 
Final Champions League Soccer Ball 2016
For the 2016 Champions League final, the shape of the ball remained the same, but the drawing was transformed.
 
Dodecahedron soccer ball Nike
Nike applied a radical variant, based on the dodecahedron. The ball, made of 12 regular pentagons, even in coloring, indicates that it belongs to the Platonic polyhedron - the dodecahedron.
 
© polyhedra.com  20/06/2018

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